# 0064

beer bottle tops

Artefacto, Várias Items, Encontrado, Metal (cobre, ferro, ligas, aço, etc.), Décadas

Dados Sócio-culturias

Usos Históricos

Patented in 1892 by William Painter in Baltimore, Crown Holdings has been manufacturing these pressed, crimpted metal bottle tops for 130 years. Originally the liquid seal inside the metal cap was made of cork but was replaced by synthetic plastics since the 1960s onwards. This type of top is used on drinks containing fermentation gases or carbon dioxide i.e. it can take a certain amount of gas pressure from inside the bottle but still remain intact.

Usos Presentes

Same as the historical uses i.e. for sodas, beers and carbonated drinks where the top needs to maintain the dissolved gas inside the liquid in the bottle.

Impacto Presente

Where people gather for music festivals, sporting events or the beach in summer, it is possible to find these crown tops in large numbers if recycling facilities are absent.

Dados Técnicos

Classe de Material

Metal (cobre, ferro, ligas, aço, etc.)

Dados Geográficos Bio-temporais

Tempo de residência (Quando tempo é que a matéria/material/artefacto se mantém num estado inalterado numa localização/contexto/sistema antes da sua degradação?)


Como é que o item afeta o ambiente no qual existe?


Dados Ontológicos-cosmológicos


O que é que o ser humano pode devolver a este artefacto/material/ser vivo/matéria?

Recycle it, do not just throw it away where it can cause harm to other living things and humans.