The Finnish company Nokia created a vast range of affordable, usable and highly distinctive mobile phone designs in the late 1990s and early 2000s, moving into early smart phones and developing GSM, 3G, LTE standards that created a world leader in mobile telecommunications.
For Finns, Nokia changed their domestic economic landscape and put Finland on the world map of telecommunications. The cultural and economic impact of Nokia was enormous, so it was an equally large shock when Nokia sold their mobile telecommunications division to Microsoft Mobile in 2014.
Both these phone models, even though they are 22 and 11 years old, respectively, are still usable today. The Nokia C5-00 is classified as an early smart phone but, clearly, has very limited features compared to the latest generation of 5G phones from various manufacturers. Today, Nokia concentrates on building 5G networks.
Class of Material
Metal (copper, iron, alloys, steel, etc.)
Residence time (How long does the matter/material/artefact stay in an unaltered state in the location/context/system before it decay?)
How does the item affect the environment in which it exists?
How would you like to be with this artefact/material/living thing/matter?
I would like to see both these phones fully recycled, with all useful minerals and metals recovered for using in new generations of telecommunications or IT products.
What can humans give back to this artefact/material/living thing/matter?
We can give it back to Nokia to recover and recycle all components so they reduce their harm to the environment. The company produced hundreds of thousands of phones yet despite legislation in the European Union (the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment - WEEE - Directive became law in 2002 and was tightened in 2012) most waste is exported for treatment outside the EU. This needs to change.